What is an example of the as-is clause?

As is clause is a warranty disclaimer that outlines the seller’s representations relating to the property for sale and acts to protect a seller from breach of contract. 

The seller acknowledges to the purchaser who purchased the property that the property’s physical condition may have defects, outdated parts, and it needs property inspection.

The As-is clause discloses property defects that the buyer must be aware.  If you are buying or selling property, you may have come across the term “as is clause” or “as-is sale” in your contract. 

Is As-Is clause the same as the caveat emptor clause?

“Caveat Emptor” (Let the Buyer Beware) and “As-Is” clause are related concepts but not exactly the same.


Caveat Emptor:

Caveat emptor means “let the buyer beware.” This principle puts the burden on the buyer to inspect goods and make sure they are satisfactory before purchasing. The seller has no obligation to disclose defects or issues.

As-Is Clause:

An as-is clause in a sales contract states that the buyer purchases goods in their current condition with all faults and defects. This absolves the seller of any liability for issues that arise after the sale.


The commonality between caveat emptor and as-is clauses is that they both aim to protect the seller from liability for any problems with the goods that the buyer discovers after the transaction. The buyer assumes responsibility.

A group of people standing in front of a sign that says as is clause.
A group of people standing in front of a sign that says as is clause.


John buys a used car from Dealer X which has an as-is clause in the purchase contract. After buying it, John realizes the car’s transmission is faulty. Since John bought the car as-is, Dealer X is not liable for the repair costs. The as-is clause has the same effect as if the sale was subject to the general caveat emptor principle.

Example from the History:

In the case of Kidd v. Benson, buyers of a residential real estate filed a lawsuit against the sellers when a retainer wall collapsed post-purchase. The purchase agreement had an “As-Is” clause.

The Court in Alabama discussed the doctrine of Caveat Emptor as it applies to the sale of used real estate and reiterated that usually, there are three exceptions to Caveat Emptor requiring a seller to disclose known defects.

However, due to the inclusion of the “As-Is” clause in the agreement, and the buyers’ neglect to inspect the property, the buyers couldn’t take advantage of any exceptions to the doctrine of Caveat Emptor.

Hence, the summary judgment was in favor of the sellers, emphasizing the effect of the “As-Is” clause in tandem with the doctrine of Caveat Emptor

TLDR: As Is Clause in Real Estate

In this post we will explore the concept of the as is clause in real estate transactions and provide insights on how it works and its legal implications.

  • An as-is clause states that the buyer purchases the property in its current condition, with all defects.
  • This clause protects the seller from liability for any issues discovered before or after the sale, even if they were not disclosed to the buyer beforehand.
  • The buyer assumes responsibility for any repairs or renovation needed. They cannot come back to the seller later demanding compensation for problems.
  • As-is transfers risk from the seller to the buyer. It allows the seller to offload a problematic property.
  • As-is clauses are common in foreclosure sales, estate sales, and fixer-uppers. The discounted price compensates for the as-is status.
  • Buyers should still inspect thoroughly and may try to negotiate removal of the clause. But they assume all risks if they accept the as-is terms.
  • An as-is purchase is best for buyers who have the ability and willingness to take on unknown property conditions.

As Is Clause best practices

An as-is clause refers to a statement in a property contract that indicates the property is being sold in its existing condition and the buyer is accepting the property with any defects or issues that may be present. This clause shifts the responsibility for identifying and addressing any problems with the property from the seller to the buyer.

Some best practices for using as-is clauses in real estate contracts include:

  • Conducting thorough inspections of the property
  • Disclosing any known issues to potential buyers
  • Ensuring the clause is prominently displayed and easily understood in the contract

By taking these steps, you can minimize the risk of legal disputes and ensure that all parties involved in the transaction are operating with full transparency.

An as-is clause can protect your interests in real estate transactions by making clear the property is sold as-is.

Understanding the concept and adhering to best practices in drafting and implementing these clauses helps navigate property dealings with greater confidence.

Read also: How to sell and include as-is clauses

As-Is Clauses in Real Estate Contracts

One of the main legal implications of an as-is clause is that it typically shifts the responsibility for any defects or issues with the property from the seller to the buyer. This means the buyer accepts the property in its current condition without any promises or warranties from the seller.

However, as-is clauses do not necessarily relieve the seller of all liability. For example, if the seller intentionally conceals a defect or misrepresents the condition of the property, they may still be held liable, even with an as-is clause.

A man and woman shaking hands in front of a house with an as is sign, highlighting the as is condition of the property.
A man and woman shaking hands in front of a house with an as is sign, highlighting the as is condition of the property.

It is important to carefully consider the wording of an as-is clause in a contract. Poorly drafted clauses may be deemed unenforceable or ambiguous, leading to potential disputes.

When using as-is clauses, it is critical that both parties fully understand the implications and risks involved. Consulting with a real estate attorney can help review the contract language and potential legal ramifications.

How to disclose property defects

Disclosure is something that good realtors will insist on having included with your listing. areas is condition means the property is sold in its exact current state of repair or disrepair, with the buyer responsible for any issues, not the seller. The buyer should inspect carefully.

  • Provide a seller’s disclosure statement. This legal form requires you to reveal known defects, conditions, or issues. Most states require this disclosure. Be truthful and thorough.
  • Disclose directly to buyers. Go beyond the disclosure statement by also mentioning defects in listing details, open houses, showings, and discussions. Verbally highlight significant problems.
  • Share inspection reports. Offer to provide copies of any professional inspections or assessments done on the home. This shows evidence of defects.
  • Create a repairs addendum. Make a list of defects you are willing/able to repair before closing. This shows good faith.
  • Document repairs made. Compile records of any repairs or replacements you’ve done to fix problems. Show issues were addressed.
  • Offer access for buyer’s inspection. Allow ample opportunity for the buyer to independently inspect the home and discover flaws.
  • Don’t hide defects. Making only cursory fixes or cosmetically concealing issues can be seen as deceitful if serious underlying problems exist.
  • Seek representation. Real estate professionals can help ensure appropriate disclosure to limit liability.

Being transparent about property conditions allows buyers to make informed decisions and may prevent lawsuits down the line. Honest, thorough disclosure is key.

What is an example of the as-is clause?

A group of people examining a contract with a magnifying glass to ensure compliance with the "as is clause".
A group of people examining a contract with a magnifying glass to ensure compliance with the "as is clause".

An “As-Is” clause in real estate refers to a contractual term indicating the property is being sold in its current condition, without any warranties or guarantees from the seller regarding its condition.

Below are examples of how an “As-Is” clause might be worded in a contract:

  • Example 1: “The Seller is selling the Property in “As-Is” condition, with all faults”​1​.
  • Example 2: “Property Sold “As Is”. All parties agree that Property is sold “as is”, with all faults including but not limited to damage from termites and other wood destroying organisms and lead-based paint and lead-based paint hazards. Seller shall have no obligation to make any repairs or replacements to Property”

What does as is mean in legal contracts?

“As-Is” in a legal contract, particularly in real estate, means the buyer acknowledges and accepts the property in its current condition, including any known or unknown defects, without any representations, guarantees, or warranties from the seller.


“The Buyer acknowledges that the property is being sold ‘as is’ with all faults and defects, whether known or unknown, presently existing or that may hereafter arise. The Seller makes no warranties or representations of any kind regarding the condition of the property.”



“By accepting the terms of this purchase and sale agreement, the Buyer agrees to purchase the above property in its as-is condition as of the closing date, with all faults and limitations.”

Renovations as-is clause

When a property is sold “As-Is,” it means the seller is not responsible for any repairs or renovations. The buyer is purchasing the property in its current state, irrespective of any damages or need for renovations.


“Any repairs, renovations, or upgrades required by the Buyer after closing will be the sole responsibility of the Buyer. The Seller will not be held liable for any costs associated with improving the condition or function of the property.”

Sold as is listing description example

A group of people are standing in front of a board with the words "as is" clause displayed.
A group of people are standing in front of a board with the words "as is" clause displayed.

“This property is listed and sold in as-is condition. The Buyer accepts full responsibility for repairs and renovations needed to address any issues discovered before or after closing.”

If you’re interested in ensuring your listings accurately convey terms and property conditions, check out my recent blog post: Crafting Effective Property Listings: A Guide

How to Determine Property Value with an "As-Is" Clause

A group of people standing in front of a house, discussing how to disclose property defects.
A group of people standing in front of a house, discussing how to disclose property defects.

When pricing an as-is property, sellers should conduct a professional inspection to identify any defects or required repairs. Buyers will want to estimate costs for renovations and factor that into negotiations. The sales price offered and agreed upon will reflect the property’s current condition and repair needs.

In other words, this clause reflects in the property’s price, typically making it lower than comparable properties without such a clause. 

Here’s how you might go about determining or calculating its value:

  1. Current Condition Assessment:

    • Have a professional inspector assess the property to identify any defects or issues that could affect its value.
    • Obtain cost estimates for necessary repairs and renovations.
  2. Market Comparison:

    • Compare the property to similar properties in the area that don’t have an “As-Is” clause to gauge how the clause affects the price.
    • Adjust the comparative prices based on the cost of repairs and renovations the “As-Is” property requires.
  3. Professional Appraisal:

    • Engage a professional appraiser who can provide an accurate valuation considering the “As-Is” clause.
  4. Buyer’s Perception:

    • Understand that the perceived value may vary from buyer to buyer based on their willingness to take on the repair work.

The “As-Is” clause can result in a lower initial purchase price, but the cost of making necessary repairs or renovations could significantly increase the overall cost for the buyer

Liability for Real Estate Agent with an "As-Is" Clause

While an as-is clause limits seller liability, real estate agents must still adhere to laws requiring disclosure of known material defects.

Concealing serious problems could lead to liability for the agent under consumer protection laws.

However, properly drafting and explaining the implications of an as-is clause is an important step agents can take to reduce risks.

  1. Non-Disclosure:

    • If there are hidden defects that the seller or real estate agent does not disclose, the buyer assumes all responsibility once the property is sold “As-Is”​​.
  2. Misrepresentation:

  3. Dishonesty:

    • Any dishonesty on the part of the agent or broker can still lead to liability despite the “As-Is” clause​.

Real estate agents should be upfront and honest about the property’s condition and ensure that buyers are fully aware of what the “As-Is” clause entails to mitigate potential liabilities.

The “As-Is”  or “buyer beware” clause serves as a protective measure. Still, honesty and full disclosure are crucial to avoid legal issues and ensure a fair and transparent transaction for all parties involved.


How does an as is clause work?

When an as is clause is included in a real estate contract, it shifts the responsibility of identifying and addressing property defects from the seller to the buyer. The buyer has the opportunity to conduct inspections and due diligence before committing to the purchase. If any issues are discovered, the buyer can either negotiate repairs or choose to walk away from the deal.

What is the importance of as is clauses in real estate contracts?

As is clauses are important because they protect both buyers and sellers. For sellers, it minimizes the risk of being held liable for undisclosed or unknown defects in the property. For buyers, it provides transparency about the property’s condition and allows them to make informed decisions. Including an as is clause can streamline negotiations and reduce the likelihood of post-sale disputes.

What are the benefits of including an as is clause?

Including an as is clause in a real estate contract provides several benefits. It allows sellers to sell their property without having to make costly repairs or renovations. It also gives buyers the opportunity to purchase properties at potentially lower prices, taking into account any needed repairs. Additionally, an as is clause can expedite the sale process by eliminating the back-and-forth negotiations related to repairs.

How should I use as is clauses in contracts?

When using as is clauses in contracts, it is important to clearly define the terms and conditions associated with the property’s condition. Sellers should disclose all known defects, and buyers should conduct thorough inspections before finalizing the purchase. It’s advisable to work with a qualified real estate attorney to draft or review contracts containing as is clauses to protect your interests and ensure legal compliance.