when does Water Damage occur?

Water damage typically occurs when water intrudes into a building or structure where it may cause damage to materials, objects, or systems. The process of restoring water-damaged areas typically involves removing the water, drying out the affected areas, and repairing or replacing any damaged materials or systems.

Professional restoration companies use specialized equipment as flir thermal imaging camera, hygrometer or moisture meter to measure the content of moisture in building materials and to extract water wet vacuums and pumps and dehumidifiers to promote drying of the affected materials and the space to prevent further hydrologic damage (water damage) and the growth of mold or mildew.

Some common causes and types of water damage include:

  • Plumbing leaks – Leaks from pipes, hoses, washing machine hoses, water heaters, etc. can allow large volumes of water to escape and soak walls, floors, and other materials.
  • Roof leaks – Damage to roof coverings from storms, aging, improper installation, etc. allows rainwater to penetrate into attics, ceilings, walls, etc.
  • Flooding – Rising water from heavy rains, melting snow, blocked storm drains, etc. that exceeds a building’s perimeter defenses and intrudes where it is unwelcome.
  • Groundwater intrusion – A high water table, failed foundation seals, cracked walls/floors, etc. can allow groundwater to seep into basements.
  • Appliance malfunctions – Washing machines, refrigerators, hot water heaters, etc. that spring leaks can release water that soaks nearby materials.
  • Frozen/burst pipes – Pipes that freeze and crack open unexpectedly will see large volumes of water released at the breakpoint.
  • Storm surge – Coastal flooding from hurricanes or nor’easters that override barriers and flood buildings with seawater.

The resulting damage from these and other water intrusions can include warped, swollen, or degraded materials, erosion, shorted electrical systems, mold growth, and other. Acting quickly to address leaks and remove standing water is key to minimizing damage such as moisture intrusion, mold or bacteria growth, structural weakening, electrical hazards, subsidence, and more.

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George Nicola

George is a seasoned interior designer and property marketing strategist with over 13 years of experience. He specializes in transforming properties into visually stunning spaces, helping clients recognize the potential and beauty in each property. With an impressive international client base of exciting projects throughout Europe and America.

What is the typical time water damage causes problems?

Water damage can cause problems very quickly, often in just 24-48 hours if left uncontrolled. 

Here is a general timeline of when water damage leads to different issues:

1 Hour After Intrusion:

  • Water begins penetrating and soaking porous materials (drywall, wood, carpet, etc.)
  • Metals may start to corrode.
  • Risk of electrical issues and appliance damage increases.

24 Hours After Intrusion:

  • Organic materials swell, warp, disintegrate.
  • Mold and bacteria growth may start.
  • Corrosion damage accelerates.
  • Electrical malfunctions more likely.

48 Hours After Intrusion:

  • Wood rot, drywall deterioration well underway.
  • Mold spreads, beginning health hazards.
  • Rust expanding, risk of fastener/pipe failures.
  • Electrical shorts and appliance damage more common.

72+ Hours After Intrusion:

  • Significant structural weakening possible.
  • Odors develop, mold remediation needed.
  • Metals may fail structurally.
  • Electrical systems shorting, shocked risk.

The first 48 hours are critical. Water quickly wicks into materials to cause swelling, delamination, corrosion, shorting issues and deterioration if immediate extraction and drying does not occur.

Acting quickly is key before secondary damage sets in from mold growth or failing structural components.

Common Causes of Water Damage

An illustration of a family dealing with water damage in their living room due to a hole in the ceiling.
An illustration of a family dealing with water damage in their living room due to a hole in the ceiling.

One of the most typical areas for water damage is the ceiling, where leaks from an upstairs bathroom or kitchen can occur.

Water damage can be caused by a variety of other factors, including natural disasters, burst pipes, leaking water heaters, and flooding. Natural disasters such as hurricanes, tornadoes, and heavy rain can cause flooding and life-threatening water damage. Burst pipes and leaking water heaters can also cause significant water damage to a property.

There are three types of water damage: clean water damage, grey water damage, and black water damage. Clean water damage is caused by water that comes from a clean source, such as a leaking water supply line. Grey water damage is caused by water that contains some contaminants, such as water from a washing machine or dishwasher. Black water damage is caused by water that contains sewage or other dangerous contaminants, such as floodwater.

Signs of Water Damage

There are several signs that a property may have water damage, including standing water, damp or wet walls, floors, or ceilings, and a musty smell. If a basement is flooded, there may be standing water and damage to the walls and floors. If a property has experienced water damage, it is important to address it as soon as possible to prevent further damage and mold growth.

Severity-based water damage?

  • Waterlogging: Material is heavily saturated and unusable.
  • Soaking: Material is thoroughly wet but may recover.
  • Flooding: Rapid accumulation of water causing significant damage.
  • Dampness: Minor presence of moisture, often leading to mold.

In contrast, neglecting water damage leads to detrimental secondary damage. Lingering moisture enables extensive bacterial and mold growth that generates odors, compromises air quality, and requires full remediation. It also allows continued erosion and deterioration of structural integrity as materials swell, warp and weaken over time.

This then necessitates repairs or full replacement. Quick response is vital to minimize damage and avoid costly long-term consequences.

Additional benefits include preventing short-term displacement from affected areas, allowing furnishings to be restored in place without removal, and stopping damage to valuables like photo albums, electronics, and inherited possessions.

It also helps uphold real estate value by averting lasting tangible damage or intangible stench that requires extensive repairs.

What to do after water damage?

Even a tiny leak in the ceiling, if left untreated, can cause water-logging. The main steps to take after water damage in order of usefulness are:

  1. Stop the source of the water promptly if you can. This is the most critical first step to prevent ongoing flooding and additional water from worsening the damage. Locate the source of the leak and stop the flow of water, whether from a burst pipe, roof leak, flooded basement, or other intrusion. Shut off the water supply if needed.
  2. Extract excess water quickly. Use wet vacs, pumps, mops, and towels to extract as much standing water as possible. Remove all wet materials that retain water, like rugs and saturated debris. Extracting water quickly is vital to minimize further water penetration into walls, wood, etc.
  3. Increase air circulation. Open windows (if weather permits), use portable fans and dehumidifiers, and open closet/cabinet doors to circulate air. This aids the drying-out process and hinders mold growth. Air movement is key for evaporation.
  4. Sanitize and dry out the area ASAP. Contaminated water can breed mold and bacteria. Use disinfectants designed for water damage and commercial drying equipment like dehumidifiers, air movers and generators. Thorough drying within 48 hours helps restore materials back to normal condition.
A family shocked to discover a ceiling leak in their living room
Play Video about A family shocked to discover a ceiling leak in their living room

In contrast, neglecting water damage leads to detrimental secondary damage. Lingering moisture enables extensive bacterial and mold growth that generates odors, compromises air quality, and requires full remediation. It also allows continued erosion and deterioration of structural integrity as materials swell, warp and weaken over time.

This then necessitates repairs or full replacement. Quick response is vital to minimize damage and avoid costly long-term consequences.

Additional benefits include preventing short-term displacement from affected areas, allowing furnishings to be restored in place without removal, and stopping damage to valuables like photo albums, electronics, and inherited possessions.

It also helps uphold real estate value by averting lasting tangible damage or intangible stench that requires extensive repairs.

How to respond to water damage?

The main types of water damage in order of severity from worst to least, with the recommended first response for each, are:

Illustration of two men dealing with water damage in a damaged room.
Illustration of two men dealing with water damage in a damaged room.
  1. Flood Damage
  • FIRST RESPONSE: Evacuate people/pets, shut off electricity at main panel, move critical items like valuables and documents to high areas. Call in water damage restoration company immediately to start emergency moisture mitigation, within 24 hours or less.
  1. Storm Surge Damage
  • FIRST RESPONSE: Evacuate people and critical items due to risks of power loss and building collapse. Have emergency services assess structure and system integrity first before reentry. Do not restore flow yet.
  1. Sewage Backup Damage
  • FIRST RESPONSE: Evacuate rooms with raw sewage. Shutoff area power, fans and A/C that can spread contamination. Phone 24/7 plumbing and water damage restoration to contain overflow, sanitize areas and begin moisture extraction protocols.
  1. Groundwater Damage
  • FIRST RESPONSE: Check that sump pumps still have power. Inspect basement cracks and foundation seals for external leaks to mitigate the immediate source while arranging drainage system upgrades. Reduce basement/crawlspace humidity levels with dehumidifiers.
  1. Roof Leak Damage
  • FIRST RESPONSE: Set up buckets under leaks. Tarp/reinforce compromised roofing sections to prevent more water entering structure. Phone professional roofer to initiate emergency repair of damage to restore integrity of roofing system.
  1. Plumbing Leak Damage
  • FIRST RESPONSE: Locate the source of the leak and shut off water valves/stops supplying it. Turn off power to rooms impacted if flooding is heavy and water got into outlets or appliances. Phone plumber to initiate repairs.
  1. Appliance Leak Damage
  • FIRST RESPONSE: Immediately power off leaking appliance at breaker if safe to access. Shut off water leading to appliance. Phone service line to have unit repaired/replaced. Extract water spilled and allow area to dry.

The sooner water damage restoration begins with extraction and drying out moisture-saturated areas and porous materials, the more this will minimize additional water impacts and secondary water damage from mold growth, warping, and structural deterioration.

Moisture inspection is a process of evaluating a structure to identify and measure the presence of excess moisture or water intrusion. This inspection is often conducted to assess the risk of water damage, mold growth, and other related issues within a building or property. Moisture inspections can be performed using various tools and techniques, such as moisture meters, thermal imaging, and visual assessments.

What is Water Damage Restoration?

A van equipped to deal with water damage is parked in front of a house, ready to provide water heater repair services.
A van equipped to deal with water damage is parked in front of a house, ready to provide water heater repair services.

Water damage restoration or water mitigation is a subclass of the property service industry; water damage mitigation is the process of cleaning up and restoring a property that has been damaged by water. This can occur due to natural disasters such as floods or storms, burst pipes, or leaks from appliances. Water damage can cause significant structural damage to a property and can also lead to mold growth if not addressed promptly.

The restoration process typically involves several steps, including assessing the extent of the damage, removing any standing water, drying out the affected areas, and repairing or replacing damaged materials. It is important to address water damage as soon as possible to prevent further damage and minimize the risk of mold growth.

Dealing with water damage can be a stressful and overwhelming experience. It is important to hire a professional water damage restoration company to ensure that the cleanup and restoration process is handled properly. A reputable company will have the necessary equipment and expertise to quickly and effectively address the damage and restore the property to its pre-damage condition.

Professional Water Damage Help and Services

Dealing with water damage can be a costly affair and can put a significant financial strain on homeowners. That is why it is important to understand the insurance and financial aspects of water damage restoration.

Choosing a Restoration Company

It’s essential to choose a reputable and reliable water damage restoration company. Look for companies that have experience in cleanup and restoration jobs. The Institute of Inspection, Cleaning and Restoration Certification (IICRC) is a reputable organization that certifies professionals in the industry. Check if the company has IICRC certification and experience in the field.

Certification and Experience

Certification and experience are crucial factors to consider when choosing a restoration company. IICRC certification ensures that the company has the necessary training, knowledge, and resources to handle water damage emergencies. Experienced professionals can provide quality services and ensure customer satisfaction.

Water damage restoration can be costly, with pricing dependent on several key factors.

Most homeowners pay on average between $1,300 to $6,000 for emergency services. The cost variance is due to the damage’s extent and the required restoration work

For a typical 3-bedroom, 2,500 square foot house, homeowners can expect to pay between $9,375 and $17,500 for water extraction, drying, and sanitization after flooding or water intrusion damage. The wide range accounts for variance in severity.

More extensive repairs like mold remediation, flooring replacement, drywall repair and the like incur separate material and labor fees.

For a large 5-bedroom, 4,000 square foot home, restoration for water removal and drying may run from $15,000 to $28,000. Other repairs and replacements drive the total project cost higher. Across repair types, homeowners pay per square foot for materials, equipment rental, specialized drying techniques, labor, and project management. Due to the many variables at play, no two water damage jobs cost exactly the same.

It is wise for homeowners to contact several highly-rated local water damage restoration contractors for quotes. Comparing multiple estimates allows homeowners to understand cost factors and pricing for their unique situation. This helps ensure fair market pricing is secured before signing a contract. Ongoing communication with the restoration company on budget and scope prevents surprise add-ons down the road.

Homeowners should keep detailed documentation of all expenses related to water damage restoration, including receipts, invoices, and any other relevant information. This documentation can be used to support insurance claims and can also be helpful for tax purposes.

Understanding the insurance and financial aspects of water damage restoration can help homeowners navigate the process more effectively and ensure they are getting the coverage and compensation they are entitled to.

Claims and Insurance for Water Damage

Filing a Claim

If a homeowner has an insurance policy that covers water damage, they can file an insurance claim with their insurance company. To file a claim, they need to contact their insurance company and provide them with all the necessary documentation, such as photos and videos of the damage, receipts for any repairs or replacements, and any other relevant information.

It is important to note that insurance companies have different policies and procedures for filing claims, so homeowners should carefully review their policy and contact their insurance company to understand the specifics of their coverage.

Understanding Coverage

When it comes to insurance coverage for water damage restoration, it is important to understand what is and is not covered. Most insurance policies cover sudden and accidental water damage, such as a burst pipe or a leaking roof. However, they may not cover water damage caused by neglect or lack of maintenance.

Homeowners should also be aware of any deductibles that may apply to their policy and understand how much coverage they have for water damage restoration. They should review their policy carefully and contact their insurance company with any questions or concerns.

Water damage restoration company inspection visit

The goal of water damage company is to fully evaluate damage and create a restoration plan (scope of work) tailored to the unique situation. Safety issues are also identified to avoid electrical, collapse, or health hazards. Regular monitoring continues through the drying process until the area & materials are back to normal moisture levels.

Illustration of a group of people dealing with water damage in a living room.
Illustration of a group of people dealing with water damage in a living room.

A typical water damage restoration inspection visit usually involves the following main steps:

  1. Initial Assessment – The technician will walk through the affected areas and visually assess the extent of the water damage and contamination levels. They will identify room by room the source of the water if possible, examine any standing water, and look for signs of mold and mildew risks of growth or structural damage, environmental hazards as asbestos, lead paint and structural and electrical hazards.
  2. Moisture Detection – The technician will use moisture meters and thermal camera to test walls, floors, and other materials to map out the areas (attic space, basements, external areas) that have absorbed water. This helps determine how far the water penetrated materials.
  3. Cause Evaluation – The technician will try to determine the initial cause and origin of the water damage, which could be a burst pipe, roof leak, flooding, appliance malfunction, etc. Understanding the cause can impact restoration approaches.
  4. Drying Options – Based on the moisture readings and type of water damage, the technician will make recommendations for drying out the space. This may include dehumidifiers, air movers, or other drying equipment depending on factors like humidity levels and porosity of materials.
  5. Mold Assessment – The technician usually inspects for any visible mold growth and takes material samples if needed to test for hidden mold. Catching mold early is key to be able to remove it properly.
  6. Structural Exam – The technician checks if the water incident compromised any of the structure, including possible damage to the foundation. This is especially important after flooding events.
  7. Restoration Estimate – Finally, the technician will scope out the restoration plan with projected costs for equipment, drying time, mold remediation if needed, and other water repair efforts like replacing soaked materials if irreparable. They provide this detailed estimate to the property owner.

Water damage can result in different levels of contamination, ranging from clean water to blackwater. Clean water comes from sources such as rainwater and broken pipes and is relatively safe. Graywater is water from sources such as washing machines and dishwashers and may contain some contaminants. Blackwater contains harmful pathogens and comes from sources such as sewage backups and floods. It is essential to identify the contamination level before starting the restoration process.

Mold and mildew growth is a frequent outcome of water damage. When moisture levels are high, mold can develop rapidly, posing health risks to occupants. Mold spores can cause respiratory problems, allergic reactions, and other health issues. It is crucial to wear protective gear such as gloves and masks when dealing with mold and mildew.

Water damage can weaken the structural integrity of a building, making it unsafe to occupy. Electrical systems are also susceptible to damage, potentially leading to electrical hazards. It is essential to turn off the power supply before entering the affected area. It is also crucial to wear protective gear such as rubber boots and gloves to avoid electrical shocks.

How long does it take for water restoration?

For a typical 3-bedroom, 2,500 square foot house that has experienced water damage, the water restoration process usually takes 2 to 4 weeks to fully complete or extend to 6 or 9 month for more complex flooding and structural damage. But also it can vary significantly based on several factors, including the extent of the water damage, the type of water involved (clean, gray, or black water), and the specific areas of the house affected.

The major steps and average timeline include:

  1. Initial Dry Out – 1-3 days. The restoration team uses specialized drying equipment like dehumidifiers, air movers, and negative air pressure to remove free-standing water and reduce moisture in affected areas.
  2. Structural Drying – 1-2 weeks. Once standing water is extracted, porous materials like drywall, wood studs, floors, and furnishings take more time to dry out through evaporation. Equipment keeps air circulation and dehumidification constant.
  3. Monitoring Moisture Levels – Ongoing over the process. The restoration team tracks moisture readings daily to ensure drying progresses adequately. If moisture levels plateau, additional drying equipment may be brought in.
  4. Cleaning/Sanitizing – 3-4 days. When acceptable moisture readings are achieved, restoration staff cleans all affected areas thoroughly to remove contaminants left behind. Disinfectants are often applied.
  5. Minor Repairs & Reconstruction – 3-7 days. The end of the water restoration process often involves minor repairs like wall patches, paint touch ups, general construction, floor refinishing, etc.

Most technicians will monitor conditions for several days afterward to ensure excess moisture does not return as materials acclimate. If mold growth is detected at any point, remediation will extend the process further. For a 2,500 sq ft home, allow an average of 14 to 30 days depending on factors like water type and materials affected.

The Water Restoration Process

Water damage restoration on a 3-bedroom house as large as 2,500 sq. foot can cost on average $15,000 and take time-consuming process. To avoid such situations, regular maintenance and preventive measures should be taken. In this section, we will discuss some of the ways to prevent water damage.

Initial Damage Assessment

The first step in the restoration process is to conduct a thorough inspection of the property to assess the extent of the damage. The inspection involves identifying the source of water intrusion and evaluating the severity of the damage. This step is crucial in determining the appropriate course of action needed to restore the property.

Water Removal and Extraction

The next step in the restoration process is to remove any standing water from the property. This involves using submersible pumps and other specialized equipment to extract water from the affected areas. The goal is to remove as much water as possible to prevent further damage to the property.

Drying and Dehumidifying

Once the standing water has been removed, the next step is to dry out the affected areas. This involves using air movers and dehumidifiers to remove moisture from the air and surfaces. The drying process may take several days depending on the extent of the damage.

Cleaning and Sanitizing

After the property has been dried out, the next step is to clean and sanitize the affected areas. This involves removing any debris and contaminants that may have accumulated during the water damage. The goal is to restore the property to a clean and safe condition.

Repairs and Reconstruction

The final step in the restoration process is to repair and reconstruct any damaged structures or materials. This involves structural repairs, such as replacing drywall or flooring, as well as cosmetic repairs, such as painting or refinishing. The goal is to restore the property to its pre-damage condition.

Should I call inspector to assess the water restoration?

Yes, it can be very beneficial to call in an inspector to assess the work after a water restoration project. There are a few key reasons why:

  1. Validate Completion: An independent inspector can help validate that the water restoration company fully completed the dry out and necessary repairs to industry standards. They check that moisture levels, structural integrity, and health safety are all within normal limits after water damage.
  2. Check for Secondary Damage: An inspector may catch any secondary damage that may have developed after the initial restoration was completed, such as cracks in foundations, microbial growth like mold/mildew, or cosmetic defects like flaking paint.
  3. Insurance Requirements: For insurance claims, most insurance providers require a final inspection report proving repairs were made properly before closing the claim. The inspector provides this unbiased assessment.
  4. Quality Assurance: An inspection provides oversight and quality assurance as a third-party checker. They make sure the restoration team did not cut any corners or conduct insufficient drying that could cause problems later on.

While every water restoration job does not necessarily require a final inspection, they are recommended for extensive water damage, long drying times over 2 weeks, recurring incidents, or cases involving your insurer. For peace of mind, a small investment in a final inspection can prevent overlooked damage and give documentation of restoration quality.

Prevention and Maintenance after water damage

Review the contract, notify the buyer, and seek legal advice if necessary.

Regular Inspections

Regular inspections are essential to detect any potential water damage issues before they turn into major problems. Inspections should be done at least once a year, or more often if there are any signs of water damage. Inspections should include checking for leaks in pipes, water heaters, and insulation.

Preventive Measures

Preventive measures can help avoid water damage. Here are some preventive measures that can be taken:

  • Install a water detection system that alerts you when there is a leak.
  • Insulate pipes to prevent them from freezing and bursting in cold weather.
  • Replace old water heaters before they fail and cause water damage.
  • Use a drain snake to clear clogged drains and prevent backups.
  • Use a sump pump to remove excess water from basements and crawl spaces.

By taking these preventive measures and conducting regular inspections, homeowners can avoid water damage and save themselves the hassle and expense of water damage restoration.


If you experience water damage, the first thing you should do is to turn off the main water supply to your home or business. If the water damage is severe, you should also turn off the electricity to prevent any electrical hazards. After that, you should contact a professional water damage restoration company to assess the damage and start the restoration process.

The length of the water damage restoration process depends on the severity of the damage. In general, it can take anywhere from a few days (7-14) to a few weeks (4-12) to complete the restoration process. The restoration process involves several steps, including water extraction, drying, dehumidification, cleaning, and repairs.

What if my contractor causes water damage?

If the contractor you hired to do work in your home causes water damage, either due to negligence or an accident, there are a few important steps to take:

  1. Document the Damage: Take photos and video of the water damage right away as evidence. Also keep records of the initial discovery like dates and who noticed it.
  2. Check Your Contract: Review the service contract with the contractor to understand their stated responsibilities and liability policies in causing damages. There may be coverage clauses.
  3. Contact Your Insurer: Notify your homeowners insurance provider regarding the contractor-caused water incident and learn if it qualifies under your policy coverage to make a claim for the restoration costs. There may be exceptions for contractor negligence.
  4. Request Compensation: Approach the contractor directly, present the water damage documentation, and request they pay for the appropriate repairs needed due to their fault as the cause. Contractors often carry liability insurance policies or bonds.
  5. Consult an Attorney: For significant damage disputes with non-responsive contractors and denied insurance claims, seek legal counsel to review your contractual rights, insurance obligations, and determine the best path pursuing financial restitution through official legal demands or filing lawsuits.

The key is evidence documentation, understanding all potential financial responsibility coverage, and persisting until the offending contractor covers your water restoration costs. Be proactive and diligent if the damages incurred are due to their fault to avoid paying expenses you should not be obligated to handle yourself.

Cost of Claims and Insurance for Water Damage

The cost of claims and insurance payouts for water damage can vary widely depending on the extent of the damage, the type of insurance policy, and the specific circumstances of the water damage event. Here are some key points to consider:

  • Average Loss Claim: Between 2022 and 2023, the average loss claim for home water damage was approximately $11,650.
  • Insurance Coverage: Homeowners insurance typically covers water damage that is sudden and accidental, such as damage from a burst pipe or an appliance malfunction. However, it generally does not cover damage due to flooding, which requires a separate flood insurance policy.
  • Exclusions: Gradual damage, such as that from slow leaks or deteriorating plumbing, is usually not covered by standard homeowners insurance policies. Maintenance-related issues and neglect are also typically excluded.
  • Additional Coverage: Some policies allow you to purchase additional endorsements for coverage of water backup damage, which can protect against damage from clogged drains or sewer backups.
  • Deductibles: Homeowners insurance deductibles can range from $500 to $5,000, affecting the out-of-pocket cost for the insured when making a claim.
  • Flood Insurance: For protection against flood-related damages, homeowners in flood-prone areas are advised to obtain flood insurance through the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP).

It’s important for homeowners to carefully review their insurance policies to understand what types of water damage are covered and to ensure they have the necessary coverage for their specific risks. In the event of water damage, prompt action to mitigate the damage and thorough documentation are crucial for a successful insurance claim.

When on holiday water mitigation measures

Here are some good water mitigation measures to take when you go on vacation or leave your home for an extended holiday:

  1. Shut off main water supply – Turn the main water shut off valve completely to the closed position before leaving. This prevents leaks or bursts from continuing nonstop while away.
  2. Drain pipes and appliances – Open taps to drain out pipe system. Turn off and empty washing machine, dishwasher, hot water heater, etc. to drain any residual water left sitting stagnant.
  3. Check for leaks – Do a full home inspection looking at all water fixtures, supply lines, and drains for small drips or cracks that could worsen over time unattended.
  4. Set thermostat minimum – Program thermostat to maintain at least 55° Fahrenheit inside the home while away so pipes don’t freeze in colder climates.
  5. Alert a housesitter – Have a trusted person periodically check inside your home for any signs of water leaks like moisture puddles or sounds of running water.
  6. Turn off automatic sprinklers – Disable irrigation systems and scheduled landscape watering to avoid potential flooding incidents in your absence if equipment malfunctions.
  7. Provide emergency contacts – Leave your direct contact info and that of a local plumber to relevant parties like house sitters, neighbors, relatives who can quickly address water trouble.

Being cautious before locking up for an extended getaway prevents the stress and unnecessary damage caused by unchecked water problems. It allows for quick response if any issues do creep up in your absence.

Winter water mitigation measures

Here are some effective winter water mitigation measures to help prevent water damage in your home:

  1. Insulate pipes: Wrapping exposed pipes with insulating foam or fiberglass can help prevent them from freezing and bursting in frigid temperatures. Be sure to insulate pipes in unheated areas like garages, attics, and basements.
  2. Disconnect outdoor hoses: Detaching and draining garden hoses eliminates a pathway for freezing water to enter pipes indoors. Consider installing frost-free spigots.
  3. Maintain heat: Keep a constant heat source in your home during winter. Set the thermostat no lower than 55°F. Leave cabinet doors open to allow warm air to circulate around pipes.
  4. Seal leaks: Inspect windows, doors, and siding for drafts and seal with caulk or weather stripping to prevent cold air and moisture intrusion. Look for cracks in foundation too.
  5. Check appliances: Routinely inspect the water line and hoses behind washers, dishwashers, and refrigerators for leaks, cracks, or bursting. Repair any issues detected immediately.
  6. Monitor usage: Be attentive to water usage in extreme cold and shut off supply to exterior spigots. Report abnormal surges in water bills that signal possible leaks.
  7. Know shut-offs: Ensure everyone in the household knows the locations of the main water shut-off valve and how to quickly shut off water in case of emergencies like pipe bursts.

Being proactive with winterization preparations reduces the risk of catastrophic water damage and can save you substantial repair costs. Reach out to a water mitigation professional if you need help identifying and addressing vulnerabilities.

Should you fix water damage before when preparing to sell a house?

Yes, it is usually wise to fix any existing water damage before selling your house even if house prices are collapsing.

There are a few key reasons why:

  1. Disclose Issues Upfront: You have a legal obligation to disclose known water damage and moisture issues upfront to potential buyers anyway. Getting repairs done allows you to show the fixes rather than hide unaddressed problems.
  2. Appeal Through Staging: Thoroughly fixing water-related damage like leaks, mold, or flooded basements makes the home more attractive and marketable to buyers. It translates to higher offers.
  3. Reduce Negotiations: Undiscovered water damage uncovered later in the selling process gives buyers more leverage to negotiate down the price to cover future repair costs.
  4. Limit Liability: You minimize liability risks down the line if problems resurface that trace back to damage you knew about but did not remediate. This protects against post-sale lawsuits.

While repairs might not boost the sale price equal to their full cost, they do typically yield higher proceeds in the end. The last thing sellers want is to forfeit thousands over preventing known moisture damage conditions upfront.

Simple water damage mitigation tips for first time home owners

Here are some helpful water damage mitigation tips for first time homeowners:

  1. Inspect for leaks regularly – Actively check pipes, hoses, fittings, sinks, tubs, toilets, water heaters, appliances, etc. for drips, moisture, or cracks monthly. Catch leaks early before they worsen.
  2. Maintain sealants – Reapply caulk and grout in kitchens, baths every 1-2 years as these deteriorate over time and can lead to water intrusion damage. Ensure flooring joints stay filled.
  3. Monitor water usage – Notice any spikes in usage on bills that imply potential hidden leaks. Confirm fixtures turn off fully. Upgrade toilets/fixtures over 5-7 years old.
  4. Install overflow drainage – Consider overflow pipes and drip pans under water heaters, laundry, dishwashers that safely divert drips and prevent flooding if undetected.
  5. Keep gutters & drains clear – Prevent clogged gutters that back up and interior leaks. Use gutter guards. Clear debris from drainage grates.
  6. Slope soil away from foundation – Ensuring at least 6 inches of downward slope deters groundwater pooling at the foundation level leading to interior seepage or cracks.
  7. Know your main shut-off valve – Make sure everyone in the household knows the exact location of the home’s water supply shut-off and how to quickly turn water off in emergencies.

Staying vigilant by establishing proactive prevention habits reduces extensive water damage headaches for new homeowners. It also builds familiarity with a home’s vulnerabilities.

Red Flag signs of water damage to look for before buying a house

Here are some critical red flag signs of water damage to look for when evaluating a house prior to purchase:

  • Stains on walls or ceilings – Discolored spots, swelling, peeling paint or drywall are red flags for leaks. Probe any suspect areas for soft/damaged materials underneath.
  • Musty odors – Take note of any rooms or areas that have a moldy/mildewy smell, which indicates moisture issues.
  • Cracks in foundation or facade – Cracks can let water seep in and should be further inspected. Watch for cracks showing white efflorescence deposits from moisture.
  • Spongy floors – Press down on floors around the home, especially in the basement or additions. Any “give” or bounce can mean water damage.
  • Leaky faucets/pipes – Test all plumbing fixtures for proper drainage. Drips signal rupture risks in concealed supply lines.
  • Flood indicators – Look along baseboards for water lines or dirt buildup at floor level pointing to historical flooding.
  • Landscaping slope – Improper drainage should slope towards the home’s foundation can funnel rainwater into the structure.

Carefully hunting for these red flags helps uncover existing moisture issues. Further professional inspections and moisture tests are vital before finalizing a home purchase given extensive water damage isn’t always visible. Addressing problems ahead of time avoids major future headaches.

Water damage signs in new and old houses?

There are some key differences in water damage mitigation priorities for new construction versus older existing homes that first time homeowners should consider:

The main mitigation difference is that new construction allows for built-in preventative measures as part of the design while older homes require more reactive retrofits and vigilant inspection.

In new construction builds, homeowners have more control over implementing effective moisture prevention like:

  • Installing drainage planes and vapor barriers behind siding
  • Utilizing pressure-treated lumber or water-resistance materials
  • Grading soil for optimal moisture runoff around foundation
  • Choosing flood-resistant building specifications

Whereas purchasing an older, existing house puts responsibility on homeowners for proactive mitigation like:

  • Frequently checking aging pipes, fittings for leaks
  • Clearing main drainage lines and downspouts
  • Adding perimeter drainage pipes to foundation
  • Identifying signs of historical water intrusion

The type of water damage most likely differs. New construction is prone to initial material or construction defects that allow moisture in. Older homes develop pipe leaks, sealant cracks, dripping fixtures that appear over time through wear and tear.

New construction allows embedding active deterrence of water issues if built right, while older homes rely on vigilant inspection and maintenance to counter inevitable deterioration of protective seals/barriers. Either way, understanding these key vulnerabilities arms first-time homeowners to combat water damage effectively.

Sings of water damage during snag list, what to do?

There are a few signs of potential water damage to look out for and steps to take during a snag list inspection of a newly constructed home:

  1. Stains on walls, floors, or ceilings – Water stains, moisture marks, peeling paint or wallpaper, warped floorboards, and mold indicate leaks or moisture seepage issues and should be documented and addressed.
  2. Soft spots or spongy floors – Check for soft tiles, carpet, or questionable areas on hardwood that have more give than normal when pressed on. This can signal trapped moisture underneath or damage.
  3. Musty smell – Take note of any areas with a damp, moldy odor as this also hints at excess moisture issues.
  4. Gutters holding water – Gutters that are improperly graded or clogged can back up rainwater and allow it to seep into the home’s structure and cause deterioration.

If signs of water intrusion are discovered during the snagging inspection, thoroughly document with photos and video, notify the site manager immediately to record the defects, and be sure they are accounted for on the final snag list for repair by the builder or developer.

Follow up repeatedly with the builder regarding water damage repairs and mitigation until properly fixed to prevent further incidents going forward. It’s important water issues get addressed prior to finishing the property handover.

Is water damage covered by insurance?

Homeowners insurance typically covers water damage if the cause is sudden and accidental. This includes scenarios such as a burst pipe, toilet overflow, or broken appliance hose. If the damage is a result of a covered peril, such as a storm that damages your roof and allows rainwater to enter, it is likely to be covered.

However, there are several situations where water damage is not covered by standard homeowners insurance policies:

  1. Flooding: Damage from flooding, including groundwater seepage and any situation where rainwater accumulates and enters your home, is not covered. Flood insurance is a separate policy that homeowners in flood-prone areas should consider.
  2. Gradual Damage: Water damage that occurs over time, such as from a slow leak or deteriorating plumbing, is typically not covered. Insurance policies expect homeowners to maintain their property, and damage from neglect or lack of maintenance is excluded.
  3. Mold: While mold resulting from a covered water damage incident may be covered, mold from gradual leaks or flooding is not. Some policies allow additional coverage for mold cleanup to be added.
  4. The Source of the Water Damage: Homeowners insurance usually does not cover the cost of repairing or replacing the source of the water damage, such as a broken dishwasher or washing machine.
  5. Water Backup: Damage from water or sewer pipe backups is generally not covered unless specific additional coverage is purchased.

It’s important for homeowners to review their insurance policies to understand the coverage and exclusions. In the event of water damage, it’s recommended to report the damage promptly, document the damage with photos or videos, and make temporary repairs to prevent further damage

Does homeowners insurance cover water damage from rain?

Homeowners insurance generally covers water damage from rain if it enters your home due to a covered peril, such as damage caused by windstorms or if an extreme weather condition like an ice dam or a fallen tree causes part of your roof to collapse, allowing rain to get inside.

However, there are important exclusions to be aware of:

  1. Flooding: Standard homeowners insurance policies do not cover damage resulting from flooding. This includes any situation where rainwater accumulates and enters your home, causing damage. To protect against flood damage, you would need to purchase a separate flood insurance policy.
  2. Pre-existing Damage: If rainwater enters through a pre-existing hole or a poorly maintained structure, the resulting damage is not covered by homeowners insurance. Insurance policies require that the home be maintained in good condition, and any damage resulting from neglect or lack of maintenance is typically excluded.
  3. Gradual Damage: Water damage from rain that develops over time, rather than from a single, sudden event, is not covered by homeowners insurance. This includes situations where rainwater infiltration goes unaddressed for weeks or months, allowing the damage to worsen.
  4. Internal and Sudden Damage: Homeowners insurance covers water damage if it is sudden and internal, meaning the water has not touched the outside ground before causing damage. This coverage applies to situations like burst pipes or water damage from extinguishing a fire but excludes issues like ground seepage or water/sewer pipe backups.

Smart home water mitigation

Smart home water mitigation refers to the use of advanced technology to prevent and minimize the damage caused by water leaks or flooding in a home.

Smart home devices can detect leaks, monitor water usage, and even shut off the water supply automatically to prevent further damage. Here are some key components and devices used in smart home water mitigation:

Smart Leak Detectors

These are moisture-sensitive devices that can be placed strategically throughout the home to detect the presence of water due to leaks or flooding. Some smart leak detectors are self-contained with a built-in alarm and a multi-year battery, while others can connect to your home Wi-Fi and send notifications to your phone if a leak is detected.

Smart Water Monitors

Smart water monitors can track water usage and identify unusual patterns that may indicate a leak. They can be an integral part of a smart home water mitigation system, providing real-time data and alerts.

Wi-Fi Water Shutoff Valves

These devices can automatically control the water supply to your home. They can be programmed to shut off the water if a leak is detected, preventing extensive water damage. Some models are compatible with smart home systems like Alexa and Google Assistant, allowing for remote control and monitoring.

Integrated Systems

Some smart home water mitigation systems, like FireBot, offer a comprehensive package that includes leak detection, freeze sensing, and automatic water shutoff. These systems can be controlled via a free app, providing homeowners with peace of mind and protection from water damage 24/7 

Compatibility and Installation

Many smart home water mitigation devices are designed for easy installation and may not require professional help. However, systems that involve shutting off the main water supply might need professional installation to ensure proper setup and functionality.


The use of smart home water mitigation devices can help homeowners prevent costly repairs and replacements due to water damage. They also offer increased home value, protection of personal belongings, and can potentially lead to savings on insurance premiums due to reduced risk of water damage

Smart home water mitigation systems are an effective way to protect your home from water damage. They provide early detection of leaks, monitor water usage, and can automatically shut off the water supply to prevent damage. With a variety of devices available, homeowners can choose the right system to fit their needs and potentially save on costs associated with water damage.